Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that results in the damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.
Expected reference range for IOP is 10 t0 21 mm/Hg
For eye pressures, a value greater than 21 mm/Hg or 2.8 kPa is often used with higher pressures leading to greater risk.
There are two primary types of Glaucoma:
- Open-angle Glaucoma
- Angle-closure Glaucoma
Open-angle glaucoma developes slowly over time and there isn’t any pain.
Closed-angle glaucoma can present gradually or suddenly.
The mechanism of open-angle glaucoma is believed to be the slow exit of aqueous humor through the trabecular mesh work while in closed angle glaucoma the iris blocks the trabecular network.
Risk factors that lead to Glaucoma include:
- Diabetes Mellitus
How you can prevent Glaucoma.
–Prevent stress in your life.
–Keep proper blood flow in your body.
- Exercise regularly
–Protect your eyes from the sun.
- Wear sunglasses when you go outside.
–Keep a balanced diet.
- Spinach and other leafy greens, rich in lutein and zeaxanthin, both components produced naturally in the eyes.
- Antioxidants, prevents oxidative stress